When Viewing Examples of Student Work:

Often a single example of work may not demonstrate all the required objectives for a particular assignment. Instead students should collectively consider: the required objectives for each assignment, the multiple examples presented on this blog and during in class presentations. As well ideas discovered through a student's independent research in combination with various examples and ideas presented by instructor will ultimately be the best approach for synthesizing ideas and reaching the requirements (and unique outcome) for any particular course project.

Wednesday, September 4, 2019

Out of Focus Drawing (Copying Projected Images that will gradually become in Focus during Additive/Subtractive Drawing Process)

Drawing Supplies (as indicated in syllabus):
-18 x 24 inches cartridge paper pad
-woodless pencils and/or granite sticks 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B leads (for shading with additive & subjective drawing process)
-rubber eraser
-drawing board

Concepts that will be Evaluated:
-Subtractive and additive drawing process using  different projected images  each taking half of 18x24 drawing page.

-Begin by greying and smoothing out the entire page then lightly drawing in shaded areas (blocking basic areas of light and dark) There is also the option to grey the paper first and begin with the subtractive process of putting in rough highlights with eraser

-Images are blurred out and focused back to its original composition over time just to practise drawing basic shapes and slowly thinking about adding in the details at the later stage.

-Gradually through a layering process the drawings will strategically depict a light and shadow.

-Begin to think about the basic shape shapes starting with soft edges anticipating details will be layered on during later stages of drawing process.

-Think about the edges range of soft to sharp edges (use different types of mark making)

-Throughout the drawing process it is important to have clear depiction in the progressions of  space (foreground to middle ground to background)  Be strategic in where to depict  detail and where to use of high and low contrast.

Formal Ideas being evaluated

-Subtractive and additive drawing process
-Range of light to dark
-Range of edges from soft to sharp
-Progression space: strategic use of details and strategic use of high to low contrast.
-Proportion
-No lines should be used - any lines should be absorbed into edges



Instructions if you missed In Class Assignment Out of Focus Drawing:

Take a single sheet of an 18 x 24 inches cartridge paper and fold into 4 quarters. 

Part 1 - Grayscale in Graphite:
You will need to render a grayscale with at least 6 squares or rectangles in one of the quarters on your sheet of paper. There should be no line on the border of each square/rectangle, instead the edges of each square/rectangle should be desribed exclusively with the tone.
Follow directions in the image of the grayscale:









Part 2 - Two Out of Focus Images (Images A & B):
Draw two images initially out of focus. One image will go in one quarter of the sheet of the folded paper the other image will go in another quarter of the folded paper. One quarter of the folded paper will be blank. 



Stage 1  -  Out of Focus Image A


Stage 1  -  Out of Focus Image B



Draw two out of focus images at various stages. (see images A & B below)

Important: Photograph each of the drawings at each of the different stages.  Follow photographing instructions for each image!!!

Photographing Each Drawing at Various In Progress Stages:
The photographed stages of each drawing should capture additive subtractive drawing process and an editing process. 

Beginning the Drawing Process:
For each image  initially draw the first image out of focus lightly applying the graphite describing basic shapes with blurry edges depicting  the out of focus image as best as you can.  Do not look at the proceeding image until you have completed the tasks at each stage!

Later Stages of Drawing Process:
Working towards the later stages of the drawing process the work should gradually refine the drawn image in terms of selected use of detail, contrast and sharp to soft edges. Ultimately creating a sense of space when being strategic as to where detail to lack of detail, high contrast to low contrast and sharp (in focus) to soft (out of focus) edges are depicted.






Out of Focus Image A
By the time  the drawing for Out of Focus Image A is you have completedthere should be 6 photographs of the drawing in progress. (6th photograph being the finished drawing)

Stage 1  -  Out of Focus Image A:
-Initially draw the image out of focus lightly applying the graphite describing basic shapes with very blurry edges depicting  the out of focus image as best as you can.  

-Remember no line! Use the side of the drawing tool.

-Photograph your drawing (photograph stage 1 of drawing) before you go to the proceeding image which is slightly less out of focus. 




Stage 1  -  Out of Focus Image A






Stage 1  -  Drawing in Progress of Out of Focus Image A

Exceptional start and good proportions in stage 1 of drawing
Excellent basic shapes and soft out of focus edges in drawing










Stage 2  -  Out of Focus Image A:
-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

-As the image becomes clearer refine shapes by measuring and comparing proportions,  and also checking to see where shapes line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Remember you should be engaging in a subtractive (removing graphite with eraser) and additive drawing process (adding graphite) as well as smudging graphite with eraser and graphite sticks and other drawing tools. 
(back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line into the rough (out of focus) tonal shapes

-Photograph your drawing (photograph stage 2 of drawing) again before you go to the proceeding image. (This next is less out of focus than the previous image)


Stage 2  -  Out of Focus Image A


Stage 2  -  Drawing in Progress of  Out of Focus Image A
Excellent editing and good proportions from stage 1 to stage 2 in drawing but needs to absorb line into shadows and tones more.










Stage 3 - Out of Focus Image A:
-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

-Continue to refine shapes, measuring and comparing proportions,  and also continuing check and adjust to make sure shapes accurately line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line into the rough (out of focus) tonal shapes

-Photograph your drawing (photograph stage 3 of drawing) again before you go to the proceeding image. (This next image is even  less out of focus than the previous image)

Stage 3 - Out of Focus Image A












Stage 4 - Out of Focus Image A:
-Lightly add in additional detail presented in high contrasted image. Drawing the "new" detail lightly and softly out of focus 

Note: you are not copying this next image below in terms of tone, but instead are considering how the new detail presented in the image will be integrated in the overall drawing.

-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

-Continue to refine shapes, measuring and comparing proportions,  and also continuing check and adjust to make sure shapes accurately line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line into the rough (out of focus) tonal shapes

-Begin to think about space: where is the progression to foreground to middle ground to background in this compressed space?

-Photograph your drawing again (photograph stage 4 of drawing) before you go to the proceeding image. (This next image is more  in focus than the previous images)

Stage 4 - Out of Focus Image A













Stage 5 - Out of Focus Image A:

-Space: where is the progression to foreground to middle ground to background in this compressed space?

-Layer in shadows over the additional detail presented in previous high contrasted image. Continuing to draw the "new" detail lightly and softly out of focus 

-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

At this stage refine the drawn image in terms of selected use of detail, contrast and sharp to soft edges. Ultimately creating a sense of space when being strategic as to where detail/lack of detail, high contrast to low contrast and sharp to soft edges are depicted.

- The closer shapes are to the foreground the more detail , high contrast and sharper (in focus the edges) should be. As shapes progress to the middle ground to background the contrast and detail should be reduced with softest edges, least amount of detail and lowest levels of contrast in the background. 

-Continue to refine shapes, measuring and comparing proportions,  and also continuing check and adjust to make sure shapes accurately line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line in all tonal shapes and planes.

-Photograph your drawing again (photograph stage 5 of drawing) before you go to the proceeding image. (This next image is completely in focus)


Stage 5 - Out of Focus Image A














Stage 6 - Out of Focus Image A:

-Space: where is the progression to foreground to middle ground to background in this compressed space?

-Layer in shadows over the additional detail presented in previous high contrasted image. Continuing to draw the "new" detail lightly and softly out of focus 

-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

At this stage refine the drawn image in terms of selected use of detail, contrast and sharp to soft edges. Ultimately creating a sense of space when being strategic as to where detail/lack of detail, high contrast to low contrast and sharp to soft edges are depicted.

- The closer shapes are to the foreground the more detail , high contrast and sharper (in focus the edges) should be. As shapes progress to the middle ground to background the contrast and detail should be reduced with softest edges, least amount of detail and lowest levels of contrast in the background. 

- Utilize grayscale and have a range of tone in work. Instead of copying/duplicatying the areas that are the darkest tones in the photograph.  Instead depict where dark tones can be used to create high contrast in the foreground. Some cases dark tones in the background and middle ground will need to be lower in contrast than what is presented in the photograph. Softer edges will need to be strategically placed in areas (middle ground to background areas) that are presented as in focus in the photograph as well.

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to absorb line in all tonal shapes and planes.

-Photograph your drawing in its completed state (photograph stage 6 - the final version of drawing)- Well done! Move onto Image B and repeat process!

Stage 6 - Out of Focus Image A

















Out of Focus Image B
By the time  the drawing for Out of Focus Image B is you have completedthere should be 6 photographs of the drawing in progress. (6th photograph being the finished drawing)



Stage 1  -  Out of Focus Image B:
-Initially draw the image out of focus lightly applying the graphite describing basic shapes with very blurry edges depicting  the out of focus image as best as you can.  

-Remember no line! Use the side of the drawing tool.

-Photograph your drawing (photograph stage 1 of drawing) before you go to the proceeding image which is slightly less out of focus. 

Stage 1  -  Out of Focus Image B












Stage 2  -  Out of Focus Image B:
-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

-As the image becomes clearer refine shapes by measuring and comparing proportions,  and also checking to see where shapes line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Remember you should be engaging in a subtractive (removing graphite with eraser) and additive drawing process (adding graphite) as well as smudging graphite with eraser and graphite sticks and other drawing tools. 
(back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line into the rough (out of focus) tonal shapes

-Emphasize depicting light and shadow and try not to depict the translation of colour into grayscale or values.

-Photograph your drawing (photograph stage 2 of drawing) again before you go to the proceeding image. (This next is less out of focus than the previous image)
Stage 2  -  Out of Focus Image B


















Stage 3 - Out of Focus Image B:
-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

-Continue to refine shapes, measuring and comparing proportions,  and also continuing check and adjust to make sure shapes accurately line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line into the rough (out of focus) tonal shapes

-Continue to emphasize depicting light and shadow and try not to depict the translation of colour into grayscale or values.

-Photograph your drawing (photograph stage 3 of drawing) again before you go to the proceeding image. (This next image is even less out of focus than the previous image)
Stage 3  -  Out of Focus Image B


















Stage 4 - Out of Focus Image B:
-Lightly add in additional detail presented in high contrasted image. Drawing the "new" detail lightly and softly out of focus 

Note: you are not copying this next image below in terms of tone, but instead are considering how the new detail presented in the image will be integrated in the overall drawing.

-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

-Continue to refine shapes, measuring and comparing proportions,  and also continuing check and adjust to make sure shapes accurately line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line into the rough (out of focus) tonal shapes

-Continue to emphasize depicting light and shadow and try not to depict the translation of colour into grayscale or values.

-Begin to think about space: where is the progression to foreground to middle ground to background in this very very compressed space?

-Photograph your drawing again (photograph stage 4 of drawing) before you go to the proceeding image. (This next image is more  in focus than the previous images)
Stage 4  -  Out of Focus Image B



















Stage 5 - Out of Focus Image B:

-Space: where is the progression to foreground to middle ground to background in this very shallow and very compressed space?

-Layer in shadows over the additional detail presented in previous high contrasted image. Continuing to draw the "new" detail lightly and softly out of focus 

-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

At this stage refine the drawn image in terms of selected use of detail, contrast and sharp to soft edges. Ultimately creating a sense of space when being strategic as to where detail to lack of detail, high contrast to low contrast and sharp to soft edges are depicted.

- The closer shapes are to the foreground the more detail , high contrast and sharper (in focus the edges) should be. As shapes progress to the middle ground to background the contrast and detail should be reduced with softest edges, least amount of detail and lowest levels of contrast in the background. Here again this is a very shallow space but there is a progression of space within this compressed space.

-Continue to refine shapes, measuring and comparing proportions,  and also continuing check and adjust to make sure shapes accurately line up vertically and horizontally with other shapes. 

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to draw lightly and remember to continue to absorb line in all tonal shapes and planes.

-Photograph your drawing again (photograph stage 5 of drawing) before you go to the proceeding image. (This next image is completely in focus)
Stage 5  -  Out of Focus Image B















Stage 6 - Out of Focus Image B:

-Space: where is the progression to foreground to middle ground to background in this very shallow and very compressed space?

-Layer in shadows over the additional detail presented in previous high contrasted image. Continuing to draw the "new" detail lightly and softly out of focus 

-Continue layering and editing graphite on the same drawing. 

At this stage refine the drawn image in terms of selected use of detail, contrast and sharp to soft edges. Ultimately creating a sense of space when being strategic as to where detail/lack of detail, high contrast to low contrast and sharp to soft edges are depicted.

- The closer shapes are to the foreground the more detail , high contrast and sharper (in focus the edges) should be. As shapes progress to the middle ground to background the contrast and detail should be reduced with softest edges, least amount of detail and lowest levels of contrast in the background. Once again this is a very shallow space but there is a progression of space within this compressed space.

- Utilize grayscale and have a range of tone in work. Instead of copying/duplicatying the areas that are the darkest tones in the photograph.  Instead depict where dark tones can be used to create high contrast in the foreground. Some cases dark tones in the background and middle ground will need to be lower in contrast than what is presented in the photograph. Softer edges will need to be strategically placed in areas (middle ground to background areas) that are presented as in focus in the photograph as well.

-Continue to engage in a subtractive and additive drawing process along with smudging graphite. (remember back and forth between adding, subtracting and smudging)

-Continue to absorb line in all tonal shapes and planes.

-Photograph your drawing in its completed state (photograph stage 6 - the final version of drawing) - Well done! Keep this type of drawing process in mind when doing any future  tonal (shaded) drawings in this course!
Stage 6  -  Out of Focus Image B

Note for Future Assignments: When selecting objects and lighting objects for future assignments strive for the potential in how an image can have anthropomorphic characteristics (characteristics in and object that has an attribution of human traits, or emotions, or visually referencing other imagery). Potential anthropomorphic characteristics can be created by specific manipulation of lighting and/or arrangement and/or perspective of a specific object (or objects). Ultimately this could bring additional layering in a subject matter's metaphorical or thematic content.